Too much, and you'll risk skin cancer NEW

Brain and vitamin D  NEW

Colorectal Cancer and Vitamin D NEW

Dark skin and vitamin D NEW

Enjoy the sun – its good for you NEW

 Fitness and vitamin D NEW

Gywneth enjoys the sun NEW

If you keep out of the sun, you are more likely to die of cancer

Coin-Box operated equipment.

Is ultraviolet safe? 

US Navy: It’s better in the sun

Other things the sun can do 

Are Sunbeds healthier than the sun? 

High Pressure Tanning vs Low Pressure Tanning

Sunbed Profitability Calculations and Price List

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Too much, and you'll risk skin cancer, too little and

you'll lack vitamin D - so how much sun SHOULD

you have?


Over the past 20 years, it has become an accepted part of the healthcare creed: sunshine is

bad. We're told sunscreen of at least factor 15 should be worn at all times, and we should

stay in the shade between 11am and 3pm. The case seemed cut and dried.

Too much exposure to sunshine has been shown to cause wrinkles and, potentially, skin

cancer, rates of which are continuing to grow at an alarming rate in Britain. But medical

opinion seems to be changing. A lack of sunshine appears to be a contributing factor in a

number of illnesses, from multiple sclerosis and obesity to depression and osteoporosis.

Changing opinion: A lack of sunshine has been named as a contributory cause for an

increasing number of illnesses. And we're learning that not only do we need sunlight to stay

healthy, but it has to be direct, strong sunlight that has not had the UVB rays filtered out by

suncream. Our bodies evolved to be able to cope with reasonable amounts of exposure

to sunshine, but, say the experts, we have lost sight of that thanks to the anti-sun


So have we got it wrong about sunshine? Should we be reveling in it, giving in to our natural

inclination to bask in its rays whenever possible? The healthcare messages are confusing, to

say the least. One thing is clear: too little sun exposure can lead to a lack of vitamin D,

which is known as the sunshine vitamin because up to 90 per cent of what we need

comes from being exposed to sunlight.

In Britain, the sunlight is only strong enough to do this between March and September.

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is stored in the body, but by the end of the winter,

research suggests that many adults don't have enough. According to recent research in

the British Medical Journal, more than half of British adults do not have sufficient

levels of vitamin D and 16 per cent suffer a severe deficiency during winter.

Lack of vitamin D can lead to osteoporosis in adults and rickets in children. Rickets is one of

those diseases we like to think had been consigned to the scrapheap of history, but it is on

the increase. Scientists say there are several hundred - preventable - cases among British

children. It's recently been suggested that being deficient in vitamin D can lead to an

increased risk of prostate cancer, while other researchers have demonstrated the link

between vitamin D deficiency and a higher risk of coronary artery disease.

Don't go overboard: As soon as you slap on sunscreen, you block the skins ability to create

vitamin D. Danish scientists have discovered that T-cells, which play an important role in the

immune system, rely on vitamin D to become active. If the vitamin is lacking in the blood, Tcells

remain dormant, unaware of the possibility of threat from an infection. The vitamin is

also known to slow the growth of cancer cells.

You might think that the simple answer is to take a vitamin D supplement - and they

can certainly help. There is no recommended daily intake of vitamin D. A decent diet

should provide all a child or adult needs, since it is found in milk, eggs, oily fish and

some fortified cereals, but the sunshine factor makes this an inexact science.

A study at the University of Aberdeen found that clinically obese women have 10 per cent

less vitamin D than their slimmer counterparts. 'The link is significant,' says Dr Helen

Macdonald. 'Obese people are not getting enough sunshine.'

Then there is the research that suggests decent doses of sunshine will keep our

bodies healthy in all sorts of ways, while popping pills will not. Vitamin D deficiency had

been blamed for the rise in multiple sclerosis in northern latitudes, but a recent study has

shown that sunlight - specifically ultra-violet rays -is more important than levels of vitamin D

in reducing the symptoms of the disease.

Our brains don't do well without regular exposure to sunlight, as sufferers of Seasonal

Affective Disorder will know. Full-strength daylight regulates the production of serotonin -the

feelgood hormone - and melatonin, a hormone that controls our body clock. Less sun means

less serotonin, the creeping onset of gloom and despondency, and a desire to spend days

huddled beneath a duvet. Among teenagers, the effects on the brain and body clock can be

even more pronounced. In one study, 14- year-olds were given glasses that blocked blue

light, which is found in bright morning sunlight. After five days, they were going to bed half an

hour later than usual. Missing out on blue light, their bodies become unsure of when to

release melatonin, which governs our cycle of sleeping and waking.

Staying indoors a lot can affect children's vision, too, according to an Australian study

conducted last year. Children who spent most of their time inside have more severe

shortsightedness, of the sort that can mean blindness in middle age. Why? Possibly it is

caused by a lack of dopamine, a neurotransmitter whose production is stimulated by


Given all that research, it's enough to make you want to grab a blanket and head for the

park. But for how long should you sunbathe? It depends on who you ask. And how do you

know if you are short of vitamin D in the first place?

'Perhaps the answer is to protect your face, while letting a small amount of sun get to

your arms and legs'

It's hard to tell, since most people have no symptoms, or only ambiguous ones such as

fatigue or muscle weakness. The quickest way to identify if your levels are low is to ask your

GP for a blood test. Should you decide you do need a bit of sun, the advice seems to be not

to go overboard. The effects of sunshine on the body are so pronounced that you don't need

much to get your daily dose of vitamin D. For a light-skinned person, 30 minutes of fullbody

exposure to summer sun at noon triggers the release of 20,000 IU of vitamin D

into the circulation. That's the equivalent of 500 micrograms of vitamin D,

considerably more than the 25micrograms in high-dose supplements.

The rule of thumb among doctors seems to be that you should expose a fifth of your body to

the sun for 20 minutes, three or four times a week, without suncream. The National

Osteoporosis Society, which has examined the relationship between sunshine, bone density

and vitamin D, has issued advice, in conjunction with the British Association of

Dermatologists, that we should get 15 to 20 minutes of sun exposure every day without


Unfortunately, it is the burning UVB rays in sunlight that create the vitamin D in your skin. As

soon as you slap on sunscreen, you block the skin's ability to create vitamin D because the

SPF that prevents burning gets in the way. If you ask a cosmetic dermatologist, though,

you are never going to be told to be a sun-worshipper. 'It's hard to pin down sun

exposure to a number of minutes,' says Stefanie Williams, medical director of the

European Dermatology Clinic in London. 'The amount of vitamin D you are able to

make depends on many factors, including your skin colour, age, weight, where you

are in the world and the season.

'As a dermatologist, I am reluctant to give a number because the sun is known to cause

wrinkles and skin cancer, so I would recommend you take a supplement and protect yourself

with sunscreen. 'You are likely to get some incidental sun exposure when walking around

outside, but I wouldn't recommend that you sunbathe in order to increase exposure.'

You need to get canny about the details, too, such as the UV forecast, which the Met Office

gives on its website as a number from 1 to 11. When UV levels are low - 1 and 2 - you don't

need to worry about any sun protection. The higher it gets, the more precautions you should

take, though you never get a reading higher than eight in Britain. The easiest parts of the

body to expose to the sun are the face, neck and hands, though those are also the areas that

show the signs of ageing that strong sunlight accelerates.

Perhaps the answer is to protect your face, while letting a small amount of sun get to your

arms and legs. And perhaps take a supplement, just for good measure. Could this all be

the beginning of a new creed: that sun is good after all?

SOURCE: Daily Mail, UK, by Alice Hart-Davis

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Brain and vitamin D 

This study concludes that insufficient vitamin D is associated with  dementia, Alzheimer disease, stroke  and in general brain blood vessel diseases. These findings suggest a potential brain blood vessel protective role of vitamin D.

25-Hydroxyvitamin D, dementia, and cerebrovascular pathology in elders receiving home services

J. S. Buell, PhD, B. Dawson-Hughes, MD, T. M. Scott, PhD, D. E. Weiner, MD, MS, G. E. Dallal, PhD, W. Q. Qui, MD, PhD, P. Bergethon, MD, I. H. Rosenberg, MD, M. F. Folstein, MD, S. Patz, PhD, R. A. Bhadelia, MD and K. L. Tucker, PhD,

NEUROLOGY Nov 2010;74:18-26 

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy (J.S.B., T.M.S., G.E.D., I.H.R., K.L.T.), Tufts University; Tufts Medical Center (T.M.S., D.E.W., W.Q.Q., M.F.F., S.P., R.A.B.), Tufts University School of Medicine;

Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (B.D.-H., G.E.D., I.H.R., K.L.T.); Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (R.A.B.); and Boston University Medical Center (P.B.), Boston, MA. 

Background: Vitamin D deficiency has potential adverse effects on neurocognitive health and subcortical function. However, no studies have examined the association between vitamin D status, dementia, and cranial MRI indicators of cerebrovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: Cross-sectional investigation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], dementia, and MRI measures of CVD in elders receiving home care (aged 65–99 years) from 2003 to 2007.

Results: Among 318 participants, the mean age was 73.5 ± 8.1 years, 231 (72.6%) were women, and 109 (34.3%) were black. 25(OH)D concentrations were deficient (<10 ng/mL) in 14.5% and insufficient (10–20 ng/mL) in 44.3% of participants. There were 76 participants (23.9%) with dementia, 41 of which were classified as probable AD. Mean 25(OH)D concentrations were lower in subjects with dementia (16.8 vs 20.0 ng/mL, p < 0.01). There was a higher prevalence of dementia among participants with 25(OH)D insufficiency (≤20 ng/mL) (30.5% vs 14.5%, p < 0.01). 25(OH)D deficiency was associated with increased white matter hyperintensity volume (4.9 vs 2.9 mL, p < 0.01), grade (3.0 vs 2.2, p = 0.04), and prevalence of large vessel infarcts (10.1% vs 6.9%, p < 0.01). After adjustment for age, race, sex, body mass index, and education, 25(OH)D insufficiency (≤20 ng/mL) was associated with more than twice the odds of all-cause dementia (odds ratio [OR] = 2.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2–4.2), Alzheimer disease (OR = 2.5, 95% CI 1.1–6.1), and stroke (with and without dementia symptoms) (OR = 2.0, 95% CI 1.0–4.0).

Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency was associated with all-cause dementia, Alzheimer disease, stroke (with and without dementia symptoms), and MRI indicators of cerebrovascular disease. These findings suggest a potential vasculoprotective role of vitamin D.

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Colorectal Cancer and Vitamin D

This study provides evidence of an association between Vitamin D levels and colorectal cancer in an ethnically diverse population.

This is in line with what even IARC has reported. 

Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: The Multiethnic Cohort Study 

Christy G. Woolcott, Lynne R. Wilkens,Abraham M.Y. Nomura, Ronald L. Horst, Marc T. Goodman, Suzanne P. Murphy,Brian E. Henderson, Laurence N. Kolonel and Loïc Le Marchand

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 19(1); 130–4      

Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii;

Heartland Assays, Inc., Ames, Iowa; and

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 

Vitamin D is obtained from the diet and synthesized in skin exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D status, assessed by circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], has been associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer in previous studies. To complement existing evidence, we conducted a case-control study nested within the Multiethnic Cohort including men and women of Japanese, Latino, African-American, White, and Native Hawaiian ancestry. Using a direct competitive chemiluminescence immunoassay, 25(OH)D level was determined in plasma drawn before diagnosis from 229 cases and 434 controls matched to cases by area (Hawaii, Los Angeles), sex, ethnicity, birth year, blood draw date and time, and hours fasting. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated with conditional logistic regression. An inverse trend was observed (OR per doubling of 25(OH)D, 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-0.92; P = 0.01), but when examined in categories, relative to the first quintile (<16.8 ng/mL), the ORs in all other quintiles were quite similarly reduced between 37% and 46%. The association was not significantly heterogeneous among the four largest ethnic groups (Pheterogeneity = 0.46). In summary, this study provides evidence of an association between vitamin D status and reduced risk of colorectal cancer in an ethnically diverse population.

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Dark skin and vitamin D 

This study concludes the obvious, that people with dark skin and low sun exposure are suffering the worst vitamin D deficiency, leading to increased risks of the now well documented illnesses connected with low Vitamin D. 

Vitamin D Intake Needed to Maintain Target Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Participants with Low Sun Exposure and Dark Skin Pigmentation Is Substantially Higher Than Current Recommendations

Laura M. Hall, Michael G. Kimlin, Pavel A. Aronov, Bruce D. Hammock, James R. Slusser, Leslie R. Woodhouse and Charles B. Stephensen,

J. Nutr. January, 2010 

Nutrition Department 4 Entomology Department and Cancer Center, University of California, Davis, CA, 95616 5

USDA Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis, CA, 95616 6

AusSun Research Laboratory, Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, 4059, Australia 7

Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 

Cutaneous cholecalciferol synthesis has not been considered in making recommendations for vitamin D intake. Our objective was to model the effects of sun exposure, vitamin D intake, and skin reflectance (pigmentation) on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in young adults with a wide range of skin reflectance and sun exposure. Four cohorts of participants (n = 72 total) were studied for 7–8 wk in the fall, winter, spring, and summer in Davis, CA (38.5° N, 121.7° W, Elev. 49 ft). Skin reflectance was measured using a spectrophotometer, vitamin D intake using food records, and sun exposure using polysulfone dosimeter badges. A multiple regression model (R2 = 0.55; P < 0.0001) was developed and used to predict the serum 25(OH)D concentration for participants with low [median for African ancestry (AA)] and high [median for European ancestry (EA)] skin reflectance and with low [20th percentile, ~20 min/d, ~18% body surface area (BSA) exposed] and high (80th percentile, ~90 min/d, ~35% BSA exposed) sun exposure, assuming an intake of 200 IU/d. Predicted serum 25(OH)D concentrations for AA individuals with low and high sun exposure in the winter were 24 and 42 nmol/L and in the summer were 40 and 60 nmol/L. Corresponding values for EA individuals were 35 and 60 nmol/L in the winter and in the summer were 58 and 85 nmol/L. To achieve 25(OH)D ≥75 nmol/L, we estimate that EA individuals with high sun exposure need 1300 IU/d vitamin D intake in the winter and AA individuals with low sun exposure need 2100–3100 IU/d year-round.

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Enjoy the sun – its good for you

After years of telling people to “cover up” when they go out in the sun, Britain’s leading cancer charity is preparing to dramatically change its advice.

Cancer Research UK plans to say that you should not cover up and slap on protective creams when you first go out into the sun, but rather expose your skin to its rays for some minutes so that your body can make some vitamin D. The sunshine vitamin is now known to help prevent chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes and multiple sclerosis as well as classic bone diseases.

One of the charity’s fiercest critics, Oliver Gillie of the Health Research Forum, says that at long last Cancer Research UK appears to have recognised that its warnings to cover up are a mistake. He says that the majority of people in Britain have low levels of vitamin D in their blood because the country does not get enough sun and the benefits of sun exposure in preventing chronic disease substantially exceed any risks of people developing skin cancer.

 A new peer reviewed report by Gillie says “it is very difficult for anyone living in the UK to get enough vitamin D from the sun to provide them with the optimum blood level that will last through the winter”. He adds that to do so you may need to expose as much of your body as possible to the sun for at least 40 minutes six days a week, but, given the number of sunless days each summer, this is not possible.

He adds that even outdoor workers such as farmers have difficulty building up sufficient vitamin D – especially as many today drive closed tractors with air conditioning. Men in the building trade who wear shorts in the summer and take off their shirts are one of a very small group of people who  may obtain an optimal amount of the vitamin.

“Solving the vitamin D deficiency problems in the UK in the 21st century promises rewards comparable with the great strides in public health made in the nineteenth century by the provision of pure water and in the twentieth century by the provision of better housing, clean air and reduction in smoking.”

Other points in Oliver Gillie’s report

The provision of vitamin supplements for pregnant women and infants “is in a serious muddle”. Britain is the only country among 31 in Europe that does not recommend any daily vitamin D supplement for women of child-bearing age, and therefore is doing nothing to reduce the risk that women do not have enough vitamin D in their bodies when they become pregnant. The Healthy Start Vitamins policy, launched by the Labour government five years ago, offers vitamin supplements to “mothers in need”. But these are not mothers who need vitamin D, but mothers who qualify for welfare benefit.

Milk has been fortified with vitamin D in the US and Canada since the 1930s and is available as an option in some European countries. Finland introduced mandatory fortification of milk in 2003, and recently the Republic of Ireland has fortified semi-skimmed milk. However scientists and doctors advising British governments have been unable to agree a strategy for fortification.

Massive savings

“The cost of improving vitamin D levels in the UK population is very small compared to the likely gains to human happiness, the public health and the public purse.”

Disease caused by vitamin D insufficiency costs some £27 000 million a year in the UK, which compares with about £5000 million for tobacco-related disease.

Dr Gillie’s Health Research Forum offers advice about exposure to the sun, saying that the middle of the day is a good time to sunbathe. “Remove as many clothes as you can. Start by sunbathing for 2-3 minutes each side. Gradually increase from day to day to a maximum of half an hour per side. Taking care to avoid burning”, and “do not use sun screen while aiming to boost vitamin D”. The risk of skin cancer is most closely associated with burning rather than ordinary sun exposure or careful tanning.

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 Fitness and vitamin D

This study found that in post menopausal woman physical fitness is linked to sufficient vitamin D levels. Advocating again to top up vitamin D in order to achieve and maintain Physical fitness.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is related to indicators of overall physical fitness in healthy postmenopausal women.

Stewart JW, Alekel DL, Ritland LM, Van Loan M, Gertz E, Genschel U.,

Menopause. 2009 Nov-Dec;16(6):1093-101 

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010-8281, USA. 

OBJECTIVE: Inadequate vitamin D status is related to increased adiposity, risk of falls, and muscle weakness, particularly in older people. We hypothesized that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is related to physical fitness indices (androidal fat, whole body lean mass, balance, strength) in healthy postmenopausal women.

METHODS: Covariates for fitness indices included age or years since menopause, weight, 25(OH)D, energy expenditure, and calcium intake. Overall and regional (androidal fat mass = waist + hip fat) body composition was assessed (N = 242) via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.

RESULTS: Regression analyses revealed that 71% of variability (P <or= 0.0001) in androidal fat mass was accounted for by weight (53.0%, P <or= 0.0001), white blood cell (WBC) count (2.0%, P <or= 0.0001), supplemental calcium (1.7%, P = 0.0004), years since menopause (1.1%, P = 0.0034), 25(OH)D (1.0%, P = 0.0051), and vegetable servings (0.6%, P = 0.027); 64% of variability (P <or= 0.0001) in lean mass was accounted for by weight (63.1.%, P <or= 0.0001), WBC count (1.4%, P = 0.0038), and 25(OH)D (1.0%, P = 0.013); 12% of variability (P <or= 0.0001) in balance (right + left leg) was accounted for by age (3.8%, P = 0.0019), 25(OH)D (2.0%, P = 0.025), and WBC count (1.8%, P = 0.032); 14% of variability (P <or= 0.0001) in handgrip strength (right + left) was accounted for by weight (9.3%, P <or= 0.0001), 25(OH)D (2.4%, P = 0.013), WBC count (2.1%, P = 0.019), and age (1.6%, P = 0.044); and 22% of variability (P <or= 0.0001) in torso strength was accounted for by site (15.0%, P <or= 0.0001) and weight (4.6%, P = 0.0003).  

CONCLUSIONS: Serum 25(OH)D was the common contributor to physical fitness indices (androidal fat mass, lean mass, balance, handgrip strength) in healthy postmenopausal women.

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Gywneth enjoys the sun 

Gywneth Paltrow has been enjoying a new lifestyle since doctors diagnosed a bone problem and told her “to spend a little time in the sun”. The 37 year old actress put her health at risk by avoiding the sun and eating severe macrobiotic diets. 

Miss Paltrow, who won the Best Actress Oscar for her role in Shakespeare in Love, developed a severe tibial plateau fracture and a bone scan showed she was suffering from osteopenia.  

“This led my western/eastern doctors in New York to test my vitamin D levels,” Miss Paltrow said in her newsletter GOOP. “They turned out to be the lowest they had ever seen, not a good thing. I went on a prescription strength level of vitamin D and was told to…spend a bit of time in the sun.” 

Osteopenia, the thinning of bone, leads on to osteoporosis with collapse of vertebrae and ultimately the “widow’s stoop”. The cause is generally insufficient vitamin D.  A clinical trial conducted in naval recruits in the United States has shown that stress fractures, similar to that suffered by Miss Paltrow, may be prevented by taking vitamin D. 

Miss Paltrow says that the new advice from doctors left her confused as she had always been told to stay out of the sun. “I was curious if this was safe, having been told for years to stay away from its dangerous rays, not to mention a tad bit confused.” 

Insufficient sunshine and vitamin D are now known to be a risk factor for cancer, heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and many other immune system diseases including arthritis. Vitamin D has also been found to be crucial for optimal muscle activity. The EU now allows a health claim referring to benefit of vitamin D for muscles and the immune system.  Many top UK athletes now regularly take a vitamin D supplement. 

“Many people have put their health at risk by avoiding the sun, wearing suncream continuously, or using cosmetics containing sunblock,” says Oliver Gillie, campaigning health writer and director of Health Research Forum. “The cost of diseases caused by insufficient vitamin D come to £27 billion annually in the UK compared with just £6 billion for diseases caused by smoking.” 

“People who work outdoors get less melanoma, the worst form of skin cancer, than people who work indoors. For best health sunbathe carefully wearing as few clothes as possible as often as you can, but take care not to burn,” said Oliver Gillie. 

Miss Paltrow has survived for long periods on a macrobiotic diet containing no meat, eggs or dairy products. Meat and eggs provide a useful amount of vitamin D, but only enough to prevent extreme deficiency. Milk in the United States is fortified with vitamin D and so also provides some useful vitamin. UK milk is not fortified. It is not possible to get more than 10 per cent of the optimal amount of vitamin D from the diet. 

Continuous wearing of suncream blocks UVB rays preventing them from reaching the skin where they make vitamin D. However most suncreams fail to block UVA, the part of the UV spectrum believed to cause melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer. “Start by sunbathing without suncream to get your vitamin D and when you’ve had enough it is best to put on some clothes and a hat or move into the shade,” said Oliver Gillie.


For more information contact: 

Oliver Gillie BSc PhD FRSA

Health Research Forum,
68 Whitehall Park,
London N19 3TN 

Phone: ++44 20 7561 9677
Mobile: 07774 995 805

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If you keep out of the sun, you are more likely to die of cancer

"MEADOW VISTA – people who sunbathe regularly not only acquire an attractive tan but also protect themselves against cancer.  Too little sun actually stimulates the growth of growth of breast and intestinal carcinomas.  And more people die from these two forms of malignant tumour alone than from skin tumours which can possibly

be attributed to sunlight.  This astonishing theory is put forward by an American researcher in the journal Preventive Medicine.”

 “In the USA, around 2000 deaths a year occur from basal cell and prickle cell carcinoma while, in the same period, over 100 000 people die of breast and intestinal cancer.  By means of regular, but moderate, sunbathing, these numbers could probably be reduced by about one-third.  Even if the figures for deaths from basal cell and prickle cell carcinoma were to double, there would still be 30 000 deaths fewer.”

 RESEARCH BY: Helga Luise Hass, Press Representative, Solar Research Association


“It is perfectly possible to accustom a pale, usually unexposed skin to intense sunlight even before a holiday.  This is because we have been provided by nature with built-in defence mechanisms against too much sun.  Defence mechanisms can be understood to mean the strengthening of the outer layer of skin (light callosity) and its ability to acquire a suntan (pigmentation).  Light callosity is formed primarily by UVB-rays, while a suntan is produced by a combination of UVA  and UVB rays.  If the dose of ultraviolet sunrays reaching the skin exceeds the limit for the body’s defence mechanisms, sunburn results.”

“The special fluorescent lamps predominantly used by sunbed manufacturers produce an ultraviolet spectrum which is comparable with that of the sun”… “in order to prevent skin damage, emit those wavelengths which cause sunburn at a considerably reduced intensity.”

 “use of sunbeds… a pale skin can be gently accustomed to intense sunlight over a period of a few weeks.” 



 “The special fluorescent lamps now predominantly used by sunbed makers emit a comparable ultraviolet spectrum to that of the sun in southern regions, but the wavelengths which cause sunburn are reduced in intensity to such an extent that, with proper use, the skin will not come to any harm.  Experienced dermatologists recommend one to two sunbed sessions a week, but warn against over-exposure



“Dermatologists from the University of Erlangen, under the direction of Dr Haeberle, have demonstrated by a series of tests that the pre-holiday use of a sunbed enables people to build up effective protection against sunlight and to desensitize the skin.  In order to arrive at this result, 31 patients suffering from sun allergy underwent ten periods of exposure to artificial sunlight over a period of 4-6 weeks.  Following this, they were exposed to high-intensity UVA and natural sunlight with the objective of inducing sun allergies.  In most cases, the patients exhibited no negative skin reactions at all or only to a very limited extent.”

Scientific proof exists as to the beneficial biological effects on the entire metabolism, the nervous system, the cardiovascular system, the composition of the blood and the stimulation of physical capabilities, as well as the strengthening of the immune system and an improvement in the supply of calcium to the bones by the vitamin D3 formed from the ultraviolet sunrays,  which current research attributes to the hormones and which is essential to life.  

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Coin-Box operated equipment allows salon owner to:

  • Manage their business more professionally.

  • Manage the loss of stolen minutes from clients.

  • Determine the exact number of tube hours taken

  • Operate with tokens only.


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Servicing and Repairs to all leading Sunbed brands.

Is ultraviolet safe? 

At the German Clinic of Diagnostics in Wiesbaden, West-Germany, Prof. Dr. Friedrich Schröpl monitored well over 1000 patients for up to 16 years and undertook a long-term study. Although these patients had been exposed to UVB rays over a period of 10 years, no dangerous skin cancers occurred in any one of these patients. 

Markward Staender from the Specialist Clinic for Psoriasis Patients in Bad Bentheim also arrives at very similar results: No skin cancer was detected during the 14 years in which the majority of the patients received phototherapy (treatment with intensive UV rays). 

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US Navy: It’s better in the sun 

Prof. F. Garland form the University of San Diego monitored more than four million members of the Navy over 10 years. He found that those who had to work below deck suffered from malignant melanoma (black skin cancer) more frequently than those who moved around in the sun on deck. Other American scientists have proved that people living in the northern regions of the United States with little sun have a higher incidence of certain types of cancer than inhabitants of the sunny south. Incidences of cancer are also significantly higher where the sunlight is filtered through smog. 

The sun and sunbeds are therefore not a health hazard, on the contrary: they can provide protection and help. 

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Other things the sun can do 

Prof. Holick also attributes the regression of psoriasis (which was previously regarded as incurable and affects more than 2 million West-Germans) to the formation of vitamin D3 by UVB rays because the excessive cell division is inhibited. But the solar vitamin does not only help to combat psoriasis. 

The increase in endogenous defensive powers, the improvement in physical condition, the stimulation of the mind and the reduction of depressions are also scientifically documented. Finally, sunlight promotes the regeneration of calcium for building our bones. Prof. Gerke from the University Hospital of Munich certifies that ultraviolet rays are highly effective in the field of biology. He states that as knowledge increases, it will become firmly established in modern medicine. 

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Are sunbeds healthier than the sun? 

Recent studies at the University of Erlangen have shown that sun allergies and “Majorca acne” can be prevented by preliminary treatment with tanning equipment. Sunbeds train the endogenous light protection mechanisms. They can be controlled precisely for each individual skin type, in contrast to natural sun light, which is subject to wide variations. 

The German Federal Board of Health states: “The risks to health from using sunbeds and sun lamps can be limited if the recommended safety instructions and directions for use are observed. The radiation risk is then lower than from natural sunlight, especially in respect of delayed damage.” 

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